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Australian Curriculum History – The Australian colonies – Year 5 ebook

Preview Book

Take a trip through history and learn how the past has helped shape today, with this engaging, content-packed seven-book series covering the Historical knowledge and understanding strand for each year level. Students will be enthralled learning about the first circumnavigation of the globe, Australia’s first people, migrants who have crossed the sea for a new life, and much more.

  • Reasons (economical, political and social) for the establishment of British colonies in Australia after 1800. (ACHHK093) 
  • The nature of convict of colonial presence, including the factors that influenced patterns of development, aspects of daily life of the inhabitants (including Aboriginal Peoples and Torres Strait Islander Peoples) and how the environment changed. (ACHHK094) 
  • The impact of a significant development or event on a colony; for example, frontier conflict, the gold rushes, the Eureka Stockade, internal exploration, the advent of rail, the expansion of farming, drought. (ACHHK095) 
  • The reasons people migrated to Australia from Europe and Asia, and the experiences and contributions of a particular migrant group within a colony. (ACHHK096) 
  • The role that a significant individual or group played in shaping a colony; for example, explorers farmers, entrepreneurs, artists, writers, humanitarians, religious and political leaders and Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islanders. (ACHHK097) 


  • Investigating reasons for the establishment of Van Diemen’s Land.
  • Investigating reasons for the establishment of Western Australia.
  • Investigating reasons for the establishment of Norfolk Island.
  • Investigating factors that influenced the development of the colonies.
  • Investigating convict life in a rural setting.
  • Investigating the life and experiences of a settler in South Australia.
  • Investigating Aboriginal life before and after settlement.
  • Investigating environmental changes as a result of European presence.
  • Investigating the impact of the gold rushes on the economic, social and political development of Australia.
  • Investigating colonial conflicts: the Eureka Stockade and the Myall Creek Massacre.
  • Investigating the development of transport in the 1800s and its impact on Australian colonies.
  • Investigating the introduction of the telegraph in the 1800s and its impact on Australia.
  • Investigating why the Chinese, the Japanese and ‘Afghan’ cameleers came to work In Australia, their experiences and their contributions to the country’s development.
  • Investigating why people from Europe came to work in Australia, their experiences and their contributions to the country’s development.
  • Investigating why the Pacific Islanders came to Australia, their working condition, reasons for their deportation and the contribution they made to Australia’s development.
  • Examining the role of early explorers of the Australian interior in the shaping of the colony.
  • Examining the role of 19th-century artists and writers in recording Australia’s colonial history.
  • Examining the humanitarian role of Caroline Chisholm in effecting reforms that would nurture the values of the developing colony.
  • Examining the role of experienced stockmen as drovers in the agricultural economy of the colony.
  • Indigenous Australians such as Yagan and Mokare played a significant part in shaping the colony in very different ways.


Key inquiry questions
  • How did Australian colonies develop over time and why?
  • What do we know about the lives of people in Australia’s colonial past and how do we know?
  • How did colonial settlement change the environment?
  • What were the significant events and who were the significant people who shaped Australian colonies?


Historical skills
  • Sequence historical people and events (ACHHAS098) 
  • Use historical terms and concepts (ACHHS099) 
  • Identify questions to inform a historical inquiry (ACHHS100) 
  • Identify and locate a range of relevant sources (ACHHS101) 
  • Locate information related to inquiry questions in a range of sources (ACHHS102) 
  • Compare information from a range of sources (ACHHS103) 
  • Identify points of view in the past and present (ACHHS104) 
  • Develop texts particularly narratives and descriptions which incorporate source material (ACHHS105) 
  • Use a range of communication forms (oral, graphic, and written) and digital technologies (ACHHS106) 


Historical concepts
  • Cause and effect
  • Significance
  • Continuity and change
  • Empathy
  • Perspectives


A supporting teachers page which provides:
  • the content description being addressed
  • an elaboration relating to the specific aspect of the content description being developed
  • the key inquiry questions being addressed
  • the historical skills practised by completing the activities
  • the historical concepts addressed by the activities
  • background information to support that given in the student pages
  • teaching notes to assist in classroom organisation or to highlight specific activities
  • additional activities to extend the topic and develop historical skills
  • resources to supplement information/activities for teachers/students
  • a time line related to specific people and events


Three student activity pages which consist of:
  • a stimulus text to inform students about the theme and to promote discussion
  • an activity page related directly to the text but requiring research, evaluative comprehension and application of historical skills
  • an additional activity page which may be either a continuation of the previous page or an extension activity related to the topic but not directly related to the text
  • a fact file on each of the two activity pages that provides an interesting or unusual fact related to the topic


Related to each section is:
  • a series of quizzes
  • an answer page


**This ebook is not transferable, nor can it be on-sold or uploaded to an intranet site. For full copyright details, please see the Copyright Notice outlined in the ebook or refer to the Copyright Agency Limited www.copyright.com.au

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