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Australian Curriculum Geography – Australia, Africa and South America – Year 4 digital unit

This is a 30-page unit from the Australian Curriculum Geography series that covers:

  • The location of the major countries of Africa and South American in relation to Australia, and their main characteristics, including the types of natural vegetation and native animals in at least two countries from both continents (ACHGK020) 


  • Determining the areas of the African and South American continents that lie within the same parallels as Australian, south of the equator; and the areas of the African continent that lie within the corresponding parallels in the Northern Hemisphere.
  • Determining the factors that affect climate, comparing rainfall and temperature, the main characteristics of climate in the state and territory capital of Australia and relating the distribution of Australia’s population to climate.
  • Determining the location of each country within South America and its position in relation to the equator, recording physical features of countries within the same latitudes as Australia, and comparing the biomes of these countries with those of Australia.
  • Determining animals unique to the continents of Australia, South America and Africa; comparing the natural vegetation found in desert, mountain, plateau and lowland regions; and comparing the physical features, climate, natural vegetation and native animals of one country in Africa and one in South America.


Key inquiry questions
  • How do different views about the environment influence approach to sustainability?
  • How does the environment support the lives of people and other living things?
  • How can people use places and environments more sustainably?


Geographical Inquiry and Skills
  • Develop geographical questions to investigate (ACHGS026) 
  • Collect and record relevant geographical data and information, for example, by observing, by interviewing conducting surveys and measuring, from sources such as maps, photographs, satellite images the media and the internet (ACHGS027) 
  • Represent data by constructing tables and graphs (ACHGS028) 
  • Represent the location of places and their features by constructing large-scale maps that confirm the cartographic conventions including scale, legend, title and north point, and describe their location using simple grid reference, compass direction and distance (ACHGS029) 
  • Interpret geographies data to identify distributions and patterns and draw conclusions (ACHGS030) 
  • Present findings in a range of communication forms, for example, written, oral, digital, graphic, tabular and visual, and use geographic terminology (ACHGS031) 
  • Reflect on their learning to propose individual action in response to a contemporary geographical challenge and identify the expected effects of the proposal (ACHGS032) 


Geographical concepts
  • Place
  • Scale
  • Environment
  • Interconnection
  • Sustainability
  • Change


Which countries have over 100 million inhabitants? What is the most widely spoken language in the world? Discover the answers to these and many more questions in Australian Curriculum Geography, which will see students navigating through continents, wading through oceans, and discovering cultures, creatures and creations from around the world.

**This ebook is not transferable, nor can it be on-sold or uploaded to an intranet site. For full copyright details, please see the Copyright Notice outlined in the ebook or refer to the Copyright Agency Limited www.copyright.com.au

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